Once you can accept the Universe as matter expanding into nothing that is something, wearing stripes with plaid comes easy.

— Albert Einstein

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DNA markers reveal if you shared a womb with twin that didn't survive

New Scientist Space - Space Headlines - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 12:00pm
Studies suggest that 1 in 8 people shared the womb with a twin who did not survive to term and a cheek swab test could reveal if that is the case for you
Categories: Astronomy

DNA markers reveal if you shared a womb with twin that didn't survive

New Scientist Space - Cosmology - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 12:00pm
Studies suggest that 1 in 8 people shared the womb with a twin who did not survive to term and a cheek swab test could reveal if that is the case for you
Categories: Astronomy

Bright lava flows, smoke pour from La Palma volcano eruption in new Landsat photos

Space.com - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 12:00pm
New satellite images of an active volcano on the Spanish island of La Palma capture vivid streams of lava pouring down the coastal mountain range and nearing the Atlantic Ocean.
Categories: Astronomy

Some hot exoplanets may develop strange sets of four colossal storms

New Scientist Space - Space Headlines - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 11:55am
The hottest worlds in the universe may develop enormous, fast-moving storms in strange sets of four that violently stir up their planets’ atmospheres
Categories: Astronomy

Some hot exoplanets may develop strange sets of four colossal storms

New Scientist Space - Cosmology - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 11:55am
The hottest worlds in the universe may develop enormous, fast-moving storms in strange sets of four that violently stir up their planets’ atmospheres
Categories: Astronomy

Adobe Photoshop Elements review

Space.com - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 11:02am
Is Adobe Photoshop Elements the right photo editor for you? We unpack the 2021 version to discover the fun and useful new features powered by advanced machine learning
Categories: Astronomy

'Lego Star Wars Battles,' an exciting new strategy game, is out now on Apple Arcade

Space.com - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 10:30am
A new strategy mobile game, "Lego Star Wars Battles," is now available exclusively on Apple Arcade.
Categories: Astronomy

Node 3 | Space Station 360 (in French with English subtitles available)

ESO Top News - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 10:30am
Video: 00:03:19

ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet takes you on a tour of the International Space Station like no other. Filmed with a 360 camera, the Space Station 360 series lets you explore for yourself alongside Thomas’s explanation – episode six is NASA’s Node-3, also known as Tranquility.

Node 3 has cylindrical hull 4.5 m in diameter with a shallow conical section enclosing each end. It is almost 7 m long and, together with the Space Station’s observatory Cupola, weighed over 13.5 tonnes at launch. Built in Europe, Node 3 houses the life-support equipment, the toilet and equipment racks.

Follow Thomas: https://blogs.esa.int/exploration/it/category/astronauts/thomas-pesquet/

The video is in French, to activate the English subtitles, click on the CC icon at the bottom right of the YouTube player.

Access the other Space Station 360 videos

Categories: Astronomy

No News Here, Just a Beautiful Globular Cluster Captured by Hubble. That is all.

Universe Today - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 9:41am

Here’s some beauty for your timeline: a stunning and ancient globular cluster captured by the venerable Hubble Space Telescope. The telescope’s Wide Field Camera 3 and Advanced Camera for Surveys was used to take this picture of ESO 520-21 (also known as Palomar 6), which is located about 25,000 light years away from Earth. Scientists say this globular cluster is probably about 12.4 billion years old.

Globular clusters are collections of tightly bound stars orbiting galaxies. Astronomers consider them as natural laboratories which enablie studies on the evolution of stars and galaxies. In particular, globular clusters could help researchers better understand the formation history and evolution of early type galaxies, as the origin of GCs seems to be closely linked to periods of intense star formation.

ESO 520-21 lies close to the center of the Milky Way, and from our vantage point on Earth, is in the constellation Ophiuchus. It’s location near the celestial equator is where interstellar gas and dust absorb starlight, which make observations more challenging.

NASA and ESA say that interstellar absorption affects some wavelengths of light more than others, changing the colors of astronomical objects by causing them to appear redder than they actually are. Astronomers call this process “reddening,” and it makes determining the properties of globular clusters close to the galactic center – such as ESO 520-21 – particularly difficult. A detailed study on the origins of this globular cluster was released in a paper earlier this month, which you can read here.

Another view of Palomar 6 from the VISTA Variables in The Via Lactea (VVV) public survey using the VISTA camera on the Very Large Telescope. Credit: Souza et al., 2021.

Source: NASA

The post No News Here, Just a Beautiful Globular Cluster Captured by Hubble. That is all. appeared first on Universe Today.

Categories: Astronomy

Addressing a Gap in Our Knowledge of Black Holes

Sky & Telescope Magazine - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 9:37am

Gravitational waves offer a test of whether supernovae can produce black holes between 55 and 120 times the Sun's mass.

The post Addressing a Gap in Our Knowledge of Black Holes appeared first on Sky & Telescope.

Categories: Astronomy

3 astronauts move Soyuz to new space station dock ahead of film crew arrival

Space.com - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 9:31am
Cosmonauts at the International Space Station relocated the Russian Soyuz MS-18 crew capsule on Tuesday to make space for the arrival of Soyuz MS-19 next week with a Russian film crew aboard.
Categories: Astronomy

Liftoff of Landsat 9

NASA Image of the Day - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 8:54am
The engine on United Launch Alliance's Atlas 5 rocket fires to launch the Landsat 9 satellite on a mission to observe Earth on Monday, Sept. 27, 2021.
Categories: Astronomy, NASA

This is the Reactor That Could Make it Possible to Return From Mars

Universe Today - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 8:41am

Remember when engineers proposed one-way trips to Mars, because round trips are just too expensive to bring people back to Earth again?

Getting people home from Mars can only happen in two ways. One is to lug all the return fuel with you when you launch from Earth, which is prohibitively difficult and expensive. The second way is to make the return fuel in-situ from Martian resources. But how?

A group of researchers from the University of Cincinnati propose using a type of reactor that was used from 2010-2017 aboard the International Space Station, which scrubbed the carbon dioxide from air the astronauts breathe and generated water to drink, with methane as a biproduct. On Mars, this reactor, called a Sabatier reactor, could take carbon dioxide from Mars’ atmosphere and create methane for fuel.

“Right now if you want to come back from Mars, you would need to bring twice as much fuel, which is very heavy,” said professor Jingjie Wu, who is leading a group of students in this research. “And in the future, you’ll need other fuels. So we can produce methanol from carbon dioxide and use them to produce other downstream materials. Then maybe one day we could live on Mars.”

There’s another benefit to this research: it could also be used to convert greenhouse gases to fuel here on Earth, which could help address climate change.

Wu and his students, including lead author of a new paper and UC doctoral candidate Tianyu Zhang, are experimenting with different carbon catalysts in the the Sabatier reactor, which was named for the late French chemist Paul Sabatier. The Sabatier reactor was installed on the ISS in 2010 and was used until 2017. Contrary to some news reports regarding the research by Wu, Zhang and colleagues, the ISS system was never used to create fuel for orbital boosts.

“On the station, the water is recovered for use in the life support system,” explained Leah Cheshier, communications specialist at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. “The methane is vented to space given the station does not have a way to use it. The space station has not used this methane for orbital reboosts.”

UC chemical engineers are experimenting with different catalysts to convert carbon dioxide into methane and other fuels. Photo/Andrew Higley/UC Creative + Brand

The scientists outlined their research, published in Nature Communications, as they reviewed different catalysts to create different biproducts, such as methane and ethylene. They have had success using  graphene quantum dots — layers of carbon just nanometers big — that can increase the yield of methane.

“In the future we’ll develop other catalysts that can produce more products,” said Zhang, in a press release.

The team said the process is scalable for use in power plants that can generate tons of carbon dioxide. And it’s efficient since the conversion can take place right where excess carbon dioxide is produced, both on Earth and at Mars, where the atmosphere is composed almost entirely of carbon dioxide. Fuel could be created and stored for the return trip home, as well as for fuel to run generators or other life support systems on Mars.

“It’s like a gas station on Mars. You could easily pump carbon dioxide through this reactor and produce methane for a rocket,” Wu said.

The researchers said a lot of progress in Sabatier reactors have been made in recent years, and it could be very important for green energy for Earth.

“The process is 100 times more productive than it was just 10 years ago. So you can imagine that progress will come faster and faster,” Wu said. “In the next 10 years, we’ll have a lot of startup companies to commercialize this technique.”

NASA astronaut Doug Wheelock, Expedition 25 commander in 2010, works to install the Sabatier system that extracted water out of the International Space Station atmosphere. Credit: NASA

The Sabatier system on the space station was returned to ground in 2017 for assessment of its condition following its years of operation, NASA’s Cheshier told Universe Today. NASA has recently initiated an effort to perform design upgrades to Sabatier to improve performance and maintainability. An upgraded unit is planned to be launched to the space station in approximately 2025.

Lead image caption: UC chemical engineer Jingjie Wu holds up the reactor where a catalyst converts carbon dioxide into methane. UC’s research makes him optimistic that scientists will be able to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Photo/Andrew Higley/UC Creative + Brand

The post This is the Reactor That Could Make it Possible to Return From Mars appeared first on Universe Today.

Categories: Astronomy

Star Trek streaming guide: Where to watch the Star Trek movies and TV shows online

Space.com - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 8:01am
Our Star Trek streaming guide is ready to beam up - energize.
Categories: Astronomy

Covid-19 news: Younger children in England less willing to get vaccine

New Scientist Space - Space Headlines - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 7:44am
The latest coronavirus news updated every day including coronavirus cases, the latest news, features and interviews from New Scientist and essential information about the covid-19 pandemic
Categories: Astronomy

Covid-19 news: Younger children in England less willing to get vaccine

New Scientist Space - Cosmology - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 7:44am
The latest coronavirus news updated every day including coronavirus cases, the latest news, features and interviews from New Scientist and essential information about the covid-19 pandemic
Categories: Astronomy

Spacecraft could detect signs of life on Saturn's moon Enceladus

New Scientist Space - Space Headlines - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 7:11am
Plumes of water shot into space by Enceladus, the icy moon of Saturn, may contain molecular signs of alien life, and a spacecraft could collect them from orbit
Categories: Astronomy

Spacecraft could detect signs of life on Saturn's moon Enceladus

New Scientist Space - Cosmology - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 7:11am
Plumes of water shot into space by Enceladus, the icy moon of Saturn, may contain molecular signs of alien life, and a spacecraft could collect them from orbit
Categories: Astronomy

Mars on the cheap: Scientists working to revolutionize access to the Red Planet

Space.com - Tue, 09/28/2021 - 7:00am
An increasing number of researchers are blueprinting low-cost and novel ways to further explore the Red Planet.
Categories: Astronomy